Image License All rights reserved Copyright owner © REUTERS/Yves Herman IPQ 4/2023 The 13th issue of INTERNATIONALE POLITIK QUARTERLY focuses on EU enlargement and reform. Editorial Henning Hoff Toward a Wider and Deeper EU The process of EU enlargement and reform is starting in earnest. The Europeans need to seize the opportunity to make the European Union fit for the 21st century. What Europe Thinks ... Luke Johnson What Europe Thinks … About EU Enlargement Overall, Europeans are in favor of a bigger European Union. However, there are huge differences when it comes to individual countries and whether or not it requires reforms. Cover Section Nathalie Tocci The Enlargement and Reform Conundrum The current security situation in Europe has brought enlargement back on the agenda. This should also provide the catalyst for EU reform. Anna Lührmann “In All EU Capitals, Enlargement Has Become a Priority” The enlargement and reform debate has started, and some progress should be possible before the European elections in June 2024, says Anna Lührmann, minister for Europe in the German Foreign Office. Alexandre Adam A Clarifying Moment Before the question of how to enlarge the European Union comes the question: What kind of EU are we enlarging? John O’Brennan EU Enlargement and Reform (I): A Trusted Partner and Exemplary Case. A View from Dublin While Ireland is overwhelmingly supportive of enlargement, there could still be tensions ahead over issues related to the budget and changes to the EU institutions. Kinga Brudzińska EU Enlargement and Reform (II): The Troubled Polish-Ukrainian Partnership. A View from Warsaw Since the start of Russia’s full-scale war, Poland has been one of the strongest advocates of integrating Ukraine into the EU. But is it ready to accept the various consequences of such a move? Nikolaos Tzifakis Panagiota Manoli EU Enlargement and Reform (III): Greece’s “Duty to Guide”? A View from Athens Greece has historically perceived the EU enlargement policy as an enabling framework for the advancement of its national preferences. This is likely to remain the case today. Roderick Parkes A Different Way of Thinking about EU Enlargement and Reform There is the acute danger of Berlin and Paris applying rejected ideas to enlarging and reforming the EU: Four principles for a future-oriented EU expansion and adaptation. Berlin Cable Henning Hoff Germany Should Reengage with a United Kingdom in Flux Seven years after the Brexit vote shocked Germany, it’s time for the two countries to rediscover common ground. Unfortunately, Berlin is sitting on its hands. Pariscope Joseph de Weck Sparks Fly in the Franco-German Electricity Battle–And Over the Future of the EU’s Single Market The German government faces a weighty decision: Should it block France from providing cheap energy to its industrial companies? Or should it introduce its own electricity subsidy for its struggling industrial sector? Carbon Critical Noah J. Gordon Dan Helmeci When Is a Climate Target “Legally Binding”? Countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom have enshrined climate goals into national law. What happens if they miss them? Brussels Briefing Rebecca Christie Rivals, Not Enemies The European Union says it sees China as a partner, a competitor, and a systemic rival. Europe’s priority now should be ensuring that Beijing does not become an enemy. The Wider View Jacob Mardell Russia’s War Could Reinvigorate China’s New Silk Road After 10 years, China’s Belt and Road Initiative has done little to achieve its original aim of better integrating the People’s Republic’s western periphery. Quarterly Concerns Jarosław Kuisz Karolina Wigura Poland’s Election and the Populist Playbook Can an unfair election campaign produce a fair result? After Hungary and Turkey, Poland, too, might drift deeper into illiberalism.